Gjendja e përgjithshme
Albania is well known for chromium, copper, nickel and copper reserves. As per the National Agency of Natural Resources, at the end of 2011 there were 711 mining permits granted to local and foreign businesses out of which 622 represent exploitation permits.
At present, Albania’s coal and nickel mines are privatized, while the three largest copper mines are being operated via a 30-year concession contract. Other mines being operated under concession contracts include the chrome mines of Bulqiza, Katjel, Pojska, the copper mines of Lak Rosh and Karme and the bitumen mine of Selenica.
There are no public data available to assess the real numbers of mines/extraction activities and No of people working there, let alone the monitoring reports and environmental issues addressed.
Ndikimet në mjedis
There are no routine health checks for the mining workers. There are lot of health problems reported by the citizens like ulcer, allergic dermatitis, lung cancer, lever necrosis, brain damage, premature death, lever and kidney problems. Nevertheless no public records do show the relationship between the reported problems with chromium pollution.
There are several death cases of the miners due to the very poor state of galleries and tunnels of the mines.
Ndotja e ajrit dhe ujit
Based on a recent study the current chromium extraction causes numerous irreversible degradation of the environment in the Bulqiza area such as the destruction of surface land layers and erosion, destruction of flora and fauna, soil and water pollution, health problems, unsustainable use and reduction of chromium reserves, etc. The inert waste that emerges after the chromium partition is discharged to the earth surface without any regularity, covering the surface of the soil and flora, leading to irreversible degradation of the environment. Most of the mining entities do not respect the contracts and environmental permit issued by the Ministry of Energy and Industry
Degradimi i tokës
Opening the new ways to reach new galleries and opening up new chromium careers has lead to the remove of the upper productive layer of soil (the main layer of physical, chemical and biological activity). As a result of surface interventions and in depth excavations for the extraction of chromium ore, soil deforestation and stripping of the soil surface has occurred, causing the phenomenon of erosion and the total soil degradation to appear massively.
No of employment on the area is very low. Incomes for employers/ family are extremely low if compared with the sibling ones in world. With the new concessions women are not allowed anymore to dig in the mining waste piles for chromium ores. Corporate responsibility concept is not embraced by the companies yet, thus lacking totally any public investments.
The landscape is visually destroyed and piles of mining waste are visible from far away the city.